The accusative case is one of the four cases in English grammar. Case is known as the grammatical function of a noun or pronoun. In a sentence, case shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to the other words.
Other than accusative case, the three cases are nominative case, genitive case, and dative case.
I will define each of these cases with example sentences. In this way, you will be able to differentiate between all these cases.
The accusative case is the case in English that indicates a direct object. That direct object is a noun or a pronoun on which the action is being performed.
Accusative Case = Objective Case
1. She broke the toy.
2. She cut the vegetables.
In the above examples, find out the verb and ask “What?”
The verbs in the examples are ‘broke’ and ‘cut’. So, to find out the direct object, ask “broke what?” or “cut what?” The subject “she” broke “the toy”. It means that “the toy” is the direct object on which the action is being performed and hence, it will be in the accusative case.
In the same way, “the vegetables” is the direct object in the second example.
The nominative case is the subjective case. It means that it is used for a noun or a pronoun, who is the subject in a sentence. Subject is the one who performs an action.
Nominative Case = Subjective Case
1. He runs a business.
2. They broke our glass.
In the above examples, ‘he’ and ‘they’ can be in the nominative case because they are the subjects (i.e. who performs an action).
Genitive case is the possessive case that shows possession. It means that they can be those nouns or pronouns that show ownership.
Genetive Case = Possessive Case
1. I did not like Jack’s haircut.
2. We are removing our pictures.
In the first example, ‘Jack’s’ is the genitive case whereas, ‘our’ is the genitive case in the second example.
The dative case is the case that is used to show the indirect case in a sentence, which is a noun or a pronoun.
1. We are removing these pictures just for you.
In the above example, the direct object is ‘pictures’. On the other hand, ‘you’ is the indirect object in this particular case (i.e. dative case).
An Important Point
The accusative case should be used when a word is used as an object of the preposition. For instance, for whom, with her, to him, etc.
It is concluded that the accusative case is the case in English that indicates a direct object of a verb. It is also known as the objective case. It is also used as an object of the prepositions.